For Muhammad (peace be upon him) to dedicate a chapter in the Quran for a woman, he had to be extra careful. The people who lived around him were more like the cowboy style men you see in the western movies. They were rugged, tough and rough yet honest and they stood firmly against anybody who would say or do anything that did not agree with their tribal customs. Don't forget also that women's position at that time and place would not allow any to be honored in any book.
Yet the Quran honors a woman by dedicating a chapter in her name, which woman would that be?
It would be unreasonable to suggest that Muhammad's intention was to gather women around him to gain their support, they did not have any political nor social weight that he could use. Had he intended to gain the support of his own tribe -Qurish- then he would have to use one of the names of a women who belonged to that tribe. The name of his mother, his wife or his daughter would have got their intention, any of these women were in fact one of the tribe. For him to choose another women from another tribe it would present a great difficulty for others to accept what he tells. It is a great difficulty for the elders and the leaders because he chose to honor a woman who is not one of their mothers, ancestors or their daughters. It would be a great difficulty for the women, especially his mother, his wife and his daughter because he chose another woman to honor. In fact the name honored in the Quran, not only that it was from another tribe, but also it was from another time. Chapter 19 caries the title Mariam (peace be upon her), which is Mary the mother of Jesus (peace be upon him) in the English translation. Why would Muhammad (peace be upon him) make such a controversial decision with such a name? Why a woman's name at all? Why provoke his own people, by telling them that Mary (peace be upon her) deserved to be honored in the Quran but none of them?
Was it to get Christian's to believe in the Quran? Would that be an enough reason to get them to convert? Why not use a name, from his tribe, which would have made it easy for the people to gather around him to get their support?
When carefully examining the Quran, we can see that it was not Muhammad (peace be upon him) who made that decision, for such decision would have made it harder for him to gather more people around him, much less, gaining a few more.
The Quran states about the record of Mary (peace be upon her) in chapter 3 verse 35:
"Behold! The woman of 'Imran said: "O my Lord! I do dedicate unto Thee what
is in my womb for Thy special service: So accept this of me: For Thou hearest and
knowest all things."
3:36 When she was delivered, she said: "O my Lord! Behold! I am delivered of a
female child!"- and God knew best what she brought forth- "And no wise is the male
Like the female. I have named her Mary, and I commend her and her offspring to Thy
protection from the Evil One, the Rejected."
3:37 Right graciously did her Lord accept her: He made her grow in purity and
beauty: To the care of Zakariya was she assigned. Every time that he entered (Her)
chamber to see her, He found her supplied with sustenance. He said: "O Mary!
Whence (comes) this to you?" She said: "From God: for God Provides sustenance to
whom He pleases without measure."
Mary (peace be upon her) was the answer for her mother's prayer, then her record continues, when it was the time for the news that she will carry the Miracles child, Jesus (peace be upon him):
003.042 Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! God hath chosen thee and purified thee-
chosen thee above the women of all nations.
"…above the women of all nations", would Muhammad really want to say that to all those people around him, that Mary (peace be upon her) was better than any of them?
Or, he was made to say so…by GOD?
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